Best Practices in Civil Governance
BEST PRACTICES IN PUBLIC GOVERNANCE
At the end of the session partcipants will be able to:
Identify challenges in the public governance
Applying best practices in public governance
LONG TERM - An individual interacts with government for various services – from cradle to grave
WIDE SCOPE - It impacts a large section of society or the entire society
FAIR & IMPARTIAL - Government has to be equitable. They have to treat everyone fairly and in the same way
BIG RESPONSIBILITY - All critical services are by and large within government’s domain
The World Wide Governance Indicators by World Bank
1. The World Wide Governance Indicators (WGI) are among the most widely used cross country govenrance indicators currently available.
2. The WGI report on six dimensions of governance for over 200 countries for the period 1996-present and are based on hundreds of underlying individual indicators drawn from from 30 different organizations, relying on responses from thousands of citizens, enterprise managers and experts.
The Six Dimensions of Governance
The WGI authors define GOVERNANCE as the traditions and institutions by which authority in a country is excercised. This includes:
i) the process by which government are selected, monitored and replaced;
ii) the capacity of the government to effectively formulate and implement sound policies; and
iii) the respect of citizens and state for institutions that govern economic and social interactions among them.
The WGI measure six broad definitions of governance capturing the key elements of this definition:
1. Voice and Accountability :
the extent to which a country's citizens are able to participate in selecting their government , as well as freedom of expression, freedom of association and a free media.
the likelihood that the government will be destabilized by unconstitutional or violents means, including terrorism
3. Government Effectiveness:
the quality of public services, the capacity of the civil service and its independence from political pressure and the quality of policy formulation;
4. Regulatory Quality:
the ability of the government to provide sound policies and regulations that enable and promote private sector
5. Rule of Law:
the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, including the quality of contract enforcement and property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence.
6. Control of Corruption:
the extent to which public poweris exercised for private gain, including both petty and grand forms of corruption, as well as 'capture' of the state by elites and private interests.